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January 26, 2015

U.S.-International Air Passenger Traffic a Record 197.3 Million in 2014

Total U.S.-International Traffic up Four Percent in December, Seven Percent for the Year
U.S. Citizens Accounted for 44 Percent; U.S. Airlines Carried 52 Percent of All Traffic
U.S.-China Traffic up 17 Percent

U.S.-International Air Traffic 2014

International non-stop air traffic to/from the U.S.(1)totaled 197.3 million passengers in 2014, a seven percent increase over 2013.

U.S. citizen travel (86.4 million) was up almost seven percent and comprised 44 percent of all air traffic. Non-U.S. citizen air travelers (110.9 million) increased by six percent with their market share at 56 percent, relatively unchanged from 2013.

U.S. airlines carried 102.1 million passengers, up four percent, with their share at 52 percent, down from 2013. Foreign flags carried 95.2 million passengers, up 10 percent from 2013.

International Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 86.422 6.7% 43.8% 0.1
   Non-U.S. Citizens 110.920 6.2% 56.2% -0.1
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers (2) 102.103 3.7% 51.7% -1.4
   Foreign Flag Carriers 95.239 9.5% 48.3% 1.4

The following, overseas, Canada and Mexico regions are ‘breakouts’ of international:

Overseas air traffic accounted for 146.5 million passengers, 74 percent of all international, and grew by six percent in 2014.

U.S. citizen travel (64.5 million) was up almost six percent comprising 44 percent of overseas air traffic. Non-U.S. citizen air travel (82.0 million) was up by six percent with their market share at 56 percent.

U.S. airlines carried 72.3 million passengers, up three percent, their share at 49 percent. Foreign flags carried 74.2 million passengers, up nine percent from 2013.

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 64.513 5.6% 44.0% -0.1
   Non-U.S. Citizens 82.006 6.0% 56.0% 0.1
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 72.301 2.9% 49.3% -1.4
   Foreign Flag Carriers 74.218 8.8% 50.7% 1.4

Overseas regions performed as follows:

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % of all
International
% Change
2014 / 2013 YTD
   Europe    57.096    29%    4.7%
   Asia    29.431    15%    5.1%
   Caribbean    20.873    11%    8.2%
   South America    14.885    8%    2.0%
   Central America    10.416    5%    9.5%
   Middle East    8.029    4%    17.7%
   Oceania    4.418    2%    1.9%
   Africa    1.370    1%    0.1%

China to U.S. 'Arrivals' (2) for December 2014:

  Non-U.S. Citizens
(Originating PRC)
U.S. Citizens
(Returning)
Total Inbound on
Non-stop Flights
Load Factor (Est.)
   Passengers 133,552 70.278 203,830 73.8%
   % Chg. Dec 14/13 22.0% -2.4% 12.3%  

Estimated capacity (seats) on inbound flights, up 24 percent year-over-year, exceeded 12.3 percent passenger growth

North American markets accounted for 26 percent of U.S. international air traffic flows.

Canadian air traffic accounted for 27.5 million passengers, 14 percent of all international traffic, and increased by seven percent.

U.S. citizen travel (7.6 million) increased eight percent and comprised 27 percent of air traffic. Canadian, and other foreign national citizen air travelers transiting through Canada (20.0 million), increased by six percent. Market share was at 73 percent.

U.S. flags carried 12.3 million passengers, up three percent from 2013, with their share at almost 45 percent. Foreign flags carried 15.2 million passengers, up 11 percent, increasing market share.

Canada Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 7.553 8.4% 27.4% 0.3
   Non-U.S. Citizens 19.978 6.4% 72.6% -0.3
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 12.317 2.8% 44.7% -1.8
   Foreign Flag Carriers 15.214 10.6% 55.3% 1.8

Mexico air traffic accounted for 23.3 million passengers, 12 percent of all international traffic, and was up 10 percent.

U.S. citizen travel (14.4 million) increased 11 percent and comprised 62 percent of air traffic. Mexicans, and other foreign national air travelers (8.9 million) transiting through Mexico, increased by eight percent, with market share 38 percent.

U.S. flags carried 17.5 million passengers, up eight percent from 2013, however their share slipped to 75 percent. Foreign flags carried 5.8 million passengers, up 18 percent increasing share to 25 percent.

Mexican Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 14.356 11.2% 61.6% 0.6
   Non-U.S. Citizens 8.936 8.3% 38.4% -0.6
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 17.485 7.7% 75.1% -1.6
   Foreign Flag Carriers 5.807 17.8% 24.9% 1.6

Annual 2014

Top 10 Foreign Airports (Passenger Traffic to/From U.S.):
77.2 million Passengers, 39% of Total International Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change y-o-y
1. London Heathrow (LHR) 14.517 1.1%
2. Toronto (YYZ) 11.671 7.3%
3. Tokyo Narita (NRT) 9.413 -1.9%
4. Cancun (CUN) 7.072 14.5%
5. Frankfurt (FRT) 6.677 -0.3%
6. Paris/de Gaulle (CDG) 6.622 3.7%
7. Mexico City (MEX) 6.356 7.0%
8. Incheon (ICN) 5.286 5.0%
9. Vancouver (YVR) 4.868 9.6%
10. Amsterdam (AMS) 4.697 2.1%

Top 10 Countries (Passenger Traffic to/From U.S.):
120.1 million Passengers, 61% of Total International Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change y-o-y % U.S. Citizen
1. Canada 27.531 7.0% 28%
2. Mexico 23.292 10.1% 62%
3. United Kingdom 17.881 2.0% 37%
4. Japan 12.077 -2.6% 24%
5. Germany 10.562 0.6% 44%
6. France 6.733 3.5% 47%
7. Dominican Republic 6.262 13.8% 73%
8. South Korea 5.347 4.9% 32%
9. Brazil 5.172 7.4% 18%
10. China (PRC) 5.137 16.6% 31%

Top 10 U.S. Airports (Passenger Traffic to/from Foreign Airports):
137.9 million Passengers, 69% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change y-o-y
1. New York (JFK) 28.436 6.7%
2. Miami (MIA) 20.355 1.2%
3. Los Angeles (LAX) 19.363 9.1%
4. Newark (EWR) 12.062 4.1%
5. Chicago (ORD) 12.051 7.8%
6. Atlanta (ATL) 10.877 6.2%
7. San Francisco (SFO) 10.330 6.5%
8. Houston (IAH) 9.931 10.0%
9. Dallas-Ft Worth (DFW) 7.253 8.5%
10. Washington Dulles (IAD) 7.206 4.0%

Top 10 Airlines (3) Serving U.S. International Non-Stop Markets:
114.5 million Passengers, 58% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change y-o-y
1. United Airlines 30.534 3.2%
2. Delta Air Lines 23.090 6.9%
3. American Airlines 22.235 -0.4%
4. US Airways 8.162 -0.2%
5. British Airways 7.190 4.0%
6. JetBlue Airways 5.764 23.2%
7. Lufthansa 5.515 2.2%
8. Air Canada (mainline) 4.288 -28.2%
9. West Jet 4.281 9.6%
10. Air France 3.457 0.7%

Monthly % changes (Notes):
Easter/Passover occurred ‘later’ in 2014 (April 20) vs. 2013 (March 31).
Thanksgiving (U.S.) occurred ‘earlier’ in 2014 (Nov. 27) than in 2013 (Nov. 28).

By the third week of February 2015 NTTO will publish the Annual 2014 U.S. Citizen Outbound, all mode travel, after the aggregate Canadian and Mexican departure data is received from Stats Canada and Banco de Mexico, respectively. (U.S. Citizen outbound is a component in the estimation of U.S. travel ‘imports’.) For November 2014 YTD http://travel.trade.gov/view/m-2014-O-001/index.html

A description of the “APIS” program: http://travel.trade.gov/research/programs/i92/index.html includes subscription prices for detail reports in excel and adobe.

U.S. Department of Commerce
International Trade Administration
National Travel and Tourism Office (NTTO)
1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Room 10003
Washington, D.C. 20230
Phone: (202) 482-0140
Website: http://travel.trade.gov/
Email: ntto@trade.gov


(1) This reflects non-stop air-only data. A portion of the non-stop passenger traffic to i.e., Europe will not visit Europe, but will connect through one of Europe’s airline hubs (LHR, AMS, FRA, CDG, MAD, etc.) to Africa and the Middle East. Also, traffic to the Middle East will connect through the U.A.E. The adjustment to these regions, reflecting visitation (1+ nights), occurs after year-end data is compiled.

(2) Non-stop air arrivals from China (PRC). Non-U.S. citizens assumed to be mostly Chinese citizens. All inbound from China, including U.S. citizens returning, compared to available seats (DIIO/Innovata) to estimate load factor. Note: T-100 (U.S. DOT) data also discloses declining load factors through July 2014 vs 2013. Note: PRC travelers also connect via Asian hubs or Canada when traveling to U.S.

(3) Numbers for U.S. carriers varies from what has been reported by Airlines for America. A4A reported mainline numbers for most of their member carriers. A4A includes Canada in Domestic. The DHS-I92/APIS data includes all carriers with international service to/from the U.S. including regional carriers, both affiliated and non-affiliated, and general aviation. The I-92APIS, however is not inclusive of Pacific inter-port or other ‘beyond’ traffic.

Performance metrics reported are:

  • Total international air travel (arrivals + departures),
  • U.S. citizen and foreign citizen air travelers,
  • U.S. flag and foreign flag carriers,
  • Top U.S. and foreign airports.